It has been four decades since the first AIDS cases were reported in the world. Still, it is a global threat. Medical organizations and practitioners are committed, along with the government to end the AIDS disease by 2030.
World AIDS Day which is dedicated to bringing people together to raise awareness about HIV, is observed every year on December 1.
There are several symptoms of HIV and every person might not have similar symptoms. The symptoms that a person has been based on the immune system of the person and the stage of the disease.
Some common symptoms include fever, rashes, sore throat, muscle aches, and mouth ulcers. Some people do not have any symptoms in the earlier stage of HIV.
Transmission of AIDS
Several people think that AIDS can be transmitted through the air. It is important to educate them that a person can get HIV through direct contact with certain body fluids like blood, rectal fluid, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. The HIV virus can be transmitted through mucous found in the mouth, open-cut sores, vagina, or injection.
Treatment of AIDS
HIV is diagnosed through saliva and blood. CD4 T cells are white blood cells that especially destroy HIV cells. Several tests like the Viral Load test measures the amount of Virus in your blood and reduce your chance of infection. Drug resistance tests will help the doctor to determine the specific form of virus and guide treatment decisions. When a person is diagnosed with HIV then doctors start with antiretroviral therapy which is a combination of three or more medications.