Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day also known as Shaheedi Diwas is celebrated annually on 24th November. People pay their homage to the ninth Guru of ten Sikh Gurus on this day. These were fierce supporters of religious freedom. This day marks the death anniversary of the ninth Sikh Guru.
On this day, in the year 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly executed in Delhi following the order of then Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb as he had opposed the religious persecution policy of persecution being enforced at that time.
On Wednesday President Ram Nath Kovind took to social media to pay tribute to Guru Tegh Bahadur, by calling him a “Symbol of struggle and sacrifice against injustice”.
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Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day 2022
Here are some interesting facts about Guru Tegh Bahadur
- Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth Sikh Guru and his term as Guru ran from 1665 to 1675 till his death
- During the rule of Aurangzeb, Guru Tegh Bahadur resisted forced conversion to Islam. On the orders of the Mughal Emperor, he was publicly executed in 1675 in Chandini Chowk, New Delhi
- He was the father of the tenth Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh
- Guru Granth Sahib has 115 hymns of Guru Tegh Bahadur
- The Sikh Guru also set up community kitchens (langar) for the local people
- Guru Tegh Bahadur founded the holy city of Anandpur Sahib
- As a tribute to him, one of the All India Hockey Tournaments named the All India Guru Tegh Bahadur Gold Cup